Whether it is referred to as the Golden Ratio, Golden Mean or Golden Section, this irrational mathematical number now known as phi, was used by many ancient architects. Here are just a few of the monuments with the Golden Ratio that currently exist in the modern world.
The Golden Ratio is most evident in this ancient Greek structure's facade, in which the proportions are that of Golden Rectangles.
Statue of David
Sculpted in the early 1500's, Michelangelo's David, embodies the Golden Ratio. David was completed during the Renaissance period, an era in which many artists, including Michelangelo, utilized the Golden Ratio, also referred to the Divine Ratio at the time, in their work.
Mexico City Cathedral
Taking over 200 years to complete, the Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral is a combination of Renaissance, Baroque and Neo-classical architectural styles. Many Renaissance artists and architects used the Golden Ratio in their work. The Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral was once an endangered world monument due to the muddy ground underneath it causing the structure to sink. This problem has since been rectified and this ancient structure is safe from crumbling once again.
The original monument of Athena Parthenos created by Phidias was believed to be destroyed in a fire, but many replicas have been created throughout the centuries. Phidias used the Golden Ratio to construct what many consider, one of his greatest works.
The Great Pyramid of Giza
Though the modern day measurements no longer coincide with the Golden Ratio due to erosion, the Great Pyramid of Giza was constructed in ancient times using it's proportions.
Like many other cathedrals built in ancient times, The Cathedral of Our Lady of Chartres, in Chartres, France is an excellent example of Golden Ratio monuments.
The United Nations Headquarters
Architect Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, known better as Le Corbusier, based his design of the United Nations Headquarters building in New York on Golden Rectangle proportions.
One of the largest Buddhist Stupa's in the world, this is a great example of monuments with the Golden Ratio.
Porch of Caryatids
This porch located in the Greek Acropolis, was constructed using Golden Rectangle proportions.
Nortre Dame de Paris Cathedral
The original construction of this Golden Ratio monument began in 1160 and was completed in 1345.
There are many monuments around the world in which the architects have used the Golden Ratio for their designs. To find out more about this ancient series of numbers take a look at the following articles: