Taoism Principles

Sally Painter
Man demonstrating oneness with nature

Taoism principles are many, but there are a few basic principles that when broken down and examined clearly govern all life. When you fully understand and actualize the importance of these principles, you become Tao.

Understanding Taoism Principles

Tao literally translates as the way. The meaning of the way is open to debate among Taoist philosophers. Some argue that it refers to your life journey or the path you choose to follow. All agree that Taoism is an all-encompassing philosophy that offers a way for you to understand the interconnected relationship between all living things and their beginning and ending cycles.

Become the Observer

Before you can begin to understand Taoism principles, you must learn to be an observer of the life around you. This requires meditation and deep contemplation as well as physical observation. Observing nature teaches you the first Taoism principle: oneness.

First Taoist Principle

Taoism is a philosophy that is based in nature and the energies that keep everything in order and harmony. Wu-wei is the non-action aspect of Taoism when you realize you are a part of the whole and understand the Taoism principle of oneness.

To understand the Taoism principles requires a deep connection with the earth and all of its elements and creatures. This can only be accomplished by learning to observe nature and begin to feel the rhythm of all life on this planet and how it is all inter-connected as a balanced whole. As the observer, your role is to note how the wind, water, air, earth, and fire are dependent upon the other for life. This same dependency is reflected throughout nature and all life in this world. The chi energy is the connecting force that cements life into one cohesive force Pu of oneness.

To become the first Taoism principle, you must become like the element of water. Water is passive because everything can move through it. Water doesn't resist, but by the same token, water can be a powerful mighty force that carries away life in its current. Water exemplifies the philosophy of Wu Wei, or action without action.

Second Principle

The dynamic balance in life is two opposites completing each other in the effort to form one. This is clearly demonstrated in the yin (female) and yang (male) energies. These two energies are opposites, but when joined together form a complete energy -chi- which is the governing energy of all life and the perfectly balanced form of energy. The goal of the second principle is to actualize the first principle by bringing all life into harmonious and balanced energy. You can accomplish Pu as a state of being only when you release preconceived ideas and those things learned such as prejudices and assumptions.

Third Principle

You can witness the cycles of life by being the observer. The day and night are a twenty-four cycling process of the sun and the moon. The four seasons of winter, spring, summer, and fall are the life cycles of nature. The human and animal cycle is birth and death. The Tao is a never-ending cycle of energy transformation.

Fourth Principle

Harmony is the natural state of being. Being balanced means you are just as aggressive as you are passive. You are all things and nothing. Until you can actualize the true meaning of oneness, you cannot achieve harmony.

Other Principles of Taoism

Some of the other principles found in Taoism are natural evolution and cycling of the basic four.

  • Compassion
  • Humility
  • Moderation
  • Health
  • Longevity
  • Reverence for ancestors, specifically the spirits of ancestors

It's impossible to separate the Taoism principles from each other because like Taoism, they are all a part of the whole and together make up the one governing philosophy of Taoism - oneness.

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Taoism Principles